Vertigo: Symptoms, Causes & Treatment

Vertigo is a sensation of spinning or dizziness that can cause a person to feel off-balance. It is often associated with a disturbance in the inner ear, which is responsible for maintaining balance. Here's some information about the symptoms, causes, and treatment of vertigo:


1. A spinning or whirling sensation

2. Feeling unsteady or lightheaded

3. Nausea or vomiting

4. Abnormal eye movements (nystagmus)

5. Sweating

6. Headache

7. Tinnitus (ringing in the ears)


1. Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo (BPPV): This is the most common cause and occurs when small calcium crystals in the inner ear become dislodged and stimulate the inner ear's balance sensors.

2. Vestibular Neuritis: Inflammation of the vestibular nerve, often caused by a viral infection.

3. Meniere's Disease: A disorder characterized by recurring episodes of vertigo, hearing loss, tinnitus, and a feeling of fullness in the affected ear.

4. Migraine-Associated Vertigo: Some individuals with migraines experience vertigo as one of the symptoms.

5. Inner Ear Disorders: Conditions such as labyrinthitis or vestibular schwannoma (a benign tumor) can cause vertigo.


Treatment for vertigo depends on the underlying cause. Some common approaches include:

1. Canalith Repositioning Maneuvers: These are specific head and body movements that help to reposition the dislodged crystals in BPPV, providing relief.

2. Medications: Certain medications, such as anti-vertigo drugs (e.g., meclizine) or anti-nausea medications, may be prescribed to alleviate symptoms.

3. Vestibular Rehabilitation: This involves exercises and maneuvers to improve balance and reduce dizziness. It can be helpful for various causes of vertigo.

4. Lifestyle Modifications: Avoiding triggers such as caffeine, alcohol, and certain foods that may worsen symptoms in some cases.

5. Surgical Interventions: In severe cases or when other treatments have not been effective, surgery may be considered.

It's important to consult a healthcare professional for an accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment plan tailored to individual needs. They can evaluate the underlying cause of vertigo and provide guidance on the best course of action.

24 May 2023
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