Depression can be characterized as a feeling of unhappiness that causes a fitted feeling of sadness and lack of interest.

Depression affects your feeling, thinking and behavior. You can also have trouble doing normal day-to-day activities. Depression may require long-term treatment. Many people feel better with both medication and psychotherapy.


  1. Slowed thinking, speaking or body movements
  2. Loss of interest or pleasure in doing everyday activities
  3. Unexplained physical problems
  4. Tiredness or lack of energy
  5. Trouble thinking, concentrating and making a decision
  6. Feelings of sadness, hopelessness
  7. Sleep disturbances, sleeping too little or sleeping too much
  8. Feeling of worthlessness
  9. Suicidal thoughts, suicide attempts or suicide
  10. Lack of interest is sex

Depression symptoms in older adults

Older adults may have symptoms which are not typical of adult symptoms. They may present as:

  1. Physical pain
  2. Personality changes
  3. Memory impairment
  4. Feeling of fatigue
  5. Sleep disturbance
  6. Suicidal thoughts or feeling


Causes of depression are as follows:


Losing a loved one, having financial troubles or undergoing a serious life change can have a big impact. Sometimes small changes in life can cause a bigger impact on the state of mind if someone is more likely to experience depression.


Hormonal changes can cause a change in mood and affect. Hormonal changes during and after childbirth, thyroid conditions especially hypothyroidism (low thyroid state) , post-menopausal state or other disorders .


Depression may be a hereditary condition. You may have a higher likelihood of a depressive disorder at some point in your life if you have a family member with depression.

  • Brain Chemistry
  • Biological differences
  • Physical Changes in brains due to depression
  • Inherited Traits

Risk factors

Depression often begins at the age of 20 years or 30 years, but it can happen at any age. Women are more likely to suffer from depression than men in the U.S. Women are more prone to anxiety and stress than men, which can be signs of depression. Depression can lead to feelings of loneliness, loss of energy and drive, and even thoughts of suicide.

Number of factors that may lead to depression and vice versa.

  • Abuse of alcohol or drugs
  • Serious or chronic illness
  • High blood pressure medications
  • Pain or physical illness
  • Social isolation
  • Self-mutilation
  • Anxiety
  • Family conflicts
  • Excess weight or weight loss
  • Suicidal feelings
  • Social phobia
  • Relationship Difficulties

When to consult a Doctor

Don't hesitate to talk to your primary care physician if you have any questions or concerns about your mental health. Your doctor may refer you to a therapist and start you on anti-depressant medications. High success rates are achieved if the treatment consists of both psychotherapy and medications rather than medication or therapy alone.

18 January 2023
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